Hypocirrhythmia - summer kiss
In this wonderful plant of the Gesneriaceae family, yellow or orange flowers look like lips folded for a kiss. Whether it’s an ampel plant in a hanging flower pot or an ordinary flower in a pot on a windowsill, hypocirrhoid is becoming more and more popular among indoor flower lovers.
Genus Hypocirrhoid (Hypocyrta) - from the Gesneriaceae family includes more than 30 delicate shrub species. The leaves are elliptical to obovate, pointed, smooth or pubescent, the underside is often lilac in color. In summer, in the axils of the leaves, hypocytes develop tubular, in the lower part bloated flowers. Plant height ranges from 10-15 cm in creeping species to 40-60 cm in semi-erect species. They are grown for the beauty of foliage and flowers.
Currently, according to the international code of botanical nomenclature, the genus Hypotsirt (Hypocyrta) is abolished and most species are included in the genus Nematanthus (Nematanthus) Derived from the Greek words Greek. νημα "dumb" - thread, hair and buckwheat. άνθος "antos" - a flower, that is, flowers hanging on thin peduncles, which is typical for some species of nematanthus.
Some species from the genus Hypocyrta are included in such genera of the Gesneriev family as:
Hypocyte care at home
Temperature: In the summer, normal, about 20-25 ° C. In winter, about 12-14 ° C - for naked hypocyte, 14-16 ° C - for coin hypocyte. Minimum 12 ° C.
Lighting: Hypocirritha loves bright diffused light, with shading from direct sunlight. In winter, lighting should also be very good.
Watering Hypocytes: In the summer, abundantly, in the fall, watering is reduced, and in the winter, when kept cool, they are watered occasionally, preventing only a complete drying of the earthen coma.
Fertilizers: Regularly, from April to August, hypocyte is fed with a solution of mineral fertilizers for flowering indoor plants. Feeding is carried out weekly.
Air humidity: In summer, the hypocirrhoid needs very humid air, so moisturize the air with frequent spraying.
Transfer: Transplanted hypocyte annually in the spring, the pot should not be too large. The soil is very light and loose - 3 parts of leaf, 1 part of peat, 1/2 part of river sand. Also, chopped bark or fern roots and pieces of charcoal are added to the soil. You can also use purchased mixes for senpolia.
The plant itself is very undemanding. In summer, the plant can even be taken outside by placing in a shaded place. In winter, plants must be kept in a bright and cool room; a temperature of 12 ° C is quite enough. At this time, watering hypocytes should also be very moderate. The more faithfully the winter dormant period is provided, the more abundant the flowering is next summer. Frequent pruning of shoots also promotes abundant flowering and stimulates more bushy growth.
In a shaded place, the shoots become thin and long, and the quality of flowering deteriorates. Waterlogging earthen coma does not tolerate hypocyte - this leads to rotting of the roots and falling leaves. Therefore, it is better to water the plants a little less than necessary than to fill them. However, in warm weather in the summer, watering in any case should be plentiful. During the period of active growth - from May to September - plants are fed every 10 days with complete fertilizer for indoor flowers. Every year after a period of rest, hypocyte is transplanted into a light, well-permeable, nutritious soil.
Transplantation and reproduction of hypocytes
The soil for hypocirrhoid must be very light and loose. The soil mixture is composed of a mixture of humus, leafy land, peat and sand in equal parts. Suitable mixes for senpolia are suitable. Good drainage is mandatory at the bottom of the pot so that excess moisture does not cause the roots to get wet. At the same time, the dishes should not be too large, because the root system of the hypocyte is small. Transplantation into new soil is done every two to three years in spring, because hypocirrh growth is relatively slow.
Hypocyte multiplies well with cuttings. To do this, cut small shoots in the spring and summer with 4-5 nodes, which are well rooted in water or in a mixture of peat and sand. In this case, the lower two leaves are removed and buried in the soil to the first leaf. Top cover with glass or film until completely rooted.
In the future, for the cultivation of the ampel form, hypocirrots are planted young seedlings of 3-4 pieces in a pot. And when forming a bush form, plant one seedling in a pot and pinch the tops as they grow.
Popular types of hypocytes
Among flower growers, two species from the former genus Hypocirth, now belonging to the genus Nematantus and Neomortoniya, the Gisnerieva family, gained wide popularity.
Monolithic hypocirrhosis (Hypocyrta nummularia) - an ampel plant with weakly branching shoots. Leaflets are rounded, fissured at the edge, fleshy, light green, about 2 cm long. Stems and leaves slightly pubescent with small hairs. It blooms with bright red flowers with a yellow limb. After flowering, usually discards foliage.
Currently Monolithic hypocirrhosis included in the genus Neomortonia (Neomortonia) — Monolithic neomortonia (Neomortonia nummularia).
Hypocytosis nude (Hypocyrta glabra) Is a semi-ampel plant with little branching shoots. The leaves are elliptical in shape, fleshy, glossy, deep green in color, without pubescence, 2 to 4 cm long. Flowers are formed in leaf axils of 1-3 pieces. Corolla has waxy fused petals of a bright orange color, forming a swelling underneath. Leaves after flowering does not reset.
Currently Hypocytosis nude included in the genus Nemantanthus (Nematanthus) - Nematanthus bristle (Nematanthus strigillosus)
Pests and diseases of hypocytes
Hypocyte is susceptible to sudden changes in temperature and drafts. When kept warm in winter, plants are easily affected by aphids. If it is not possible to offer plants a cool place in the winter, then they must be given to the "guesthouse". However, in any case, the place should be bright and without drafts. At this time, watered hypocyte very mildly.
Leaves and buds fall - from hypothermia and waterlogging of the soil as a result of stagnation of water.
Hypocyrrhiza leaves curl and turn yellow - from too bright lighting. It is necessary to rearrange the pot in a place protected from direct sunlight.
Hypocyrrhiza leaves lose their color and turn yellow - the reason may be prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, in too dry air, or in overfeeding with fertilizers.
Brown spots appear on the leaves of the hypocyte - this occurs when the plant is watered with too cold water. In addition, the reason may be in the irregularity of irrigation: the soil is sometimes dry, then too moist.
A gray coating appeared on the leaves and flowers of the hypocirrh - it is powdery mildew (or gray rot) that appears when the conditions of detention are violated. It is necessary to stop spraying, remove the affected parts of the plant, and then treat it with an appropriate fungicide.
Weak flowering of hypocytes or its complete absence - affects the lack of lighting, poor nutrients or clay soil, too dry or cold air. This can be observed after an overly warm and dark wintering, or if the old shoots have not been trimmed after the previous flowering.