Rafidofora - indoor liana for wall gardening
Large and impressive rafidophore leaves sit on thick petioles and appear very massive. But the liana itself does not seem bulky at all. This amazing plant with cirrus leaves is excellent both as a treetop and in landscaping on the walls, the plant has become a real hit in recent years. Rafidofora is not the easiest vine to care for. Watering and air humidity are critical for her, but the conditions, on the contrary, are very easy to choose for her: raffidophore is as if created for cultivation in living rooms.
- Rafidofora - large-leaved vine not for everyone
- Types of raffidophores for growing in rooms
- Conditions for growing indoor rafidofor
- Rafidophore care at home
- Diseases, pests and growing problems
- Raffidophore reproduction
Rafidofora - large-leaved vine not for everyone
Among the vines with impressive leaves, raffidophora is not a clear favorite. The plant is much less common in comparison with ficuses and monsters, but the status of "culture is not for everyone" does not detract from the beauty of this Asian star.
Rafidophores are original creepers, whose impressive leaves give a special charm to the tropical forests of Malaysia and India, although in nature the plant is represented not only in Asia. Rafidophores grow both in Africa and in Australia with New Zealand; they are found on almost all the islands of Oceania.
At the first glance at this, though not too original, but not an ordinary plant, there is a feeling of a special atmosphere. Tropical exotic leaves of raffidophora helps to give landscaping a special mood. But the plant still looks much stricter than many more popular species.
Rafidophores represent the Aroid family. The name was given to them for needle-like spikes on the stems of some species of this plant (from the Greek "needle carrier"). This quality in indoor raffidophores is not expressed or manifests itself at a very impressive age.
Rafidophores belong to the number of winding and ground cover lianas that can turn into real giants without control. Powerful, thickened, remaining green even at a considerable age, the raphidophore trunks seem to hint at the gigantic dimensions of the vines.
The internodes of the plant are elongated, which allows the liana, despite the massiveness of the leaves, to remain not so bulky plant, aggressively affecting the perception of space. Rafidofora releases aerial roots along with leaves, which, when grown on walls, are rooted in moist moss, stimulating even greater thickening.
Huge leaves are the most decorative feature of Indian creeper. They are able to grow up to more than half a meter in diameter, impressing with the beauty of the surface, and size, and color. In raffidophore, young leaves are almost always whole, as they develop, they separate and turn into luxurious cirrus leaves, sometimes instead of separate lobes, holes simply appear on them, which only emphasizes the special nature of the plant.
The nature of the feathering of raffidophora reminds of palm trees, and not of the division of monster leaves. The shape of the leaf plates is almost round or oval, with age, the leaves always become more heart-shaped, changing at the base. Fractions dissected to the base, lanceolate.
Rafidophore leaves are hard, leathery, with a very pleasant surface texture and rich dark green with a cold tint. The leaves sit on long cranked petioles, the length of which can almost equal the length of the leaves: petioles of adult plants reach 40 cm.
Rafidophore flowering is often called nondescript, but it is at least original and does not spoil the appearance of the plant at all. Dense-flowered cobs with bisexual flowers hidden in large wrappers look exotic and perfectly emphasize the beauty of the leaves.
Types of raffidophores for growing in rooms
In nature, the number of raffidophore species almost reaches hundreds, and their list is constantly expanding. As a houseplant, and a greenhouse plant, only one species of raffidophore has spread - rafidofora downsizing (Raphidophora decursiva) This is a powerful vine with huge half-meter leaves, the appearance of which is sometimes compared, albeit not entirely fair, with a monster.
A rarer plant is considered rafidofora stalked or secretive (Raphidophora korthalsii) It differs from the more popular species by shortened internodes and oval-heart-shaped leaves with a maximum length of 30 cm (in rooms it is most often limited to 10 cm in diameter). This is a large-leaved, but inferior in size to the competitor short-leaved liana, which is more suitable for growing in a wall format.
Conditions for growing indoor rafidofor
Photophilous raffidophores feel very good in the same rooms as their owners. They do not require selection of atypical conditions for urban apartments, so they are considered one of the best options for a modern interior. Some difficulties may be caused by the selection of lighting, but in general the plant is much more enduring than its competitors.
Lighting and placement
Despite its origin and natural environment, the raffidophores living in tropical forests in the rooms are not at all hardy. This is one of the most photophilous species of vines that feel great in sunny places. Only in the midst of summer, the midday rays of the sun can leave burns on the leaf plates, but since the rafidophor is almost never exposed on the window sills, no sun protection measures are necessary.
Rafidofora is a large-sized plant, suitable for those who need a massive evergreen accent to decorate large rooms. It can be used as a single plant or for landscaping walls, especially if the effect of forest thickets, tropical screens is created, complex texture options are made.
When grown in proud solitude, rafidophor feels great on supports. Placing as close to the window as possible is ideal. For rafidofora, rooms with an eastern or southern orientation of the windows are preferred.
Temperature and ventilation
Due to the thermophilicity of raffidophores, it is more than easy to select temperatures for a plant. This liana does not tolerate even coolness: it is better to protect it from a temperature drop below 18 degrees. In any living room, comfortable for leisure, this liana also feels great. Extreme heat affects the leaves, but with the proper care of the upper temperature threshold for rafidofora does not exist.
Rafidophors do not like too much sudden changes in temperature and drafts. This vine is not taken out in the fresh air for the summer (though, mainly because of its bulkiness).
Rafidophore care at home
Unlike the conditions of detention, plant care is not easy. Rafidophores require very accurate watering and high humidity, but in general, care for them is standard for any tropical indoor vines.
Watering and humidity
Despite the huge leaves, the raphidophora is not at all as hygrophilous as most of its tropical colleagues. The plant is afraid of dampness and waterlogging, the soil between waterings should dry out a little more than in the upper layer. Even at the height of summer, the frequency of irrigation is established by checking the drying of the substrate.
Rafidofora is not afraid of short-term drought, but the latter can affect the beauty of the ends of the leaves. In winter, the substrate for the plant is dried almost completely, and the amount of water used for one procedure is reduced.
High humidity is a prerequisite for those who want to achieve a good growth rate and beauty of huge leaves from the plant. For raffidophores, it is advisable to include regular, and in the summer, frequent, sprayings in the care schedule. For lianas, you can use only small spray guns and prevent water droplets from accumulating on the leaves. Installation of humidifiers creates ideal conditions for the plant.
Rafidoforov perfectly respond to frequent rubbing of leaves. It is easy to remove dust from large sheets with any damp sponge. For this creeper, especially if it is used to create screens and walls, you can use special polishes to give the leaves shine.
In order to avoid soil compaction after irrigation for rafidophora periodically, it is necessary to loosen the top layer of the substrate, acting very carefully.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
For raffidophores, fertilizers are applied not only during the period of active growth. In winter, top dressing is minimized. They are carried out in half with a lower concentration and 1 time in 1-1.5 months (but even in winter). During the development of the plant, from spring to mid-autumn, the frequency of top dressing once in 2 weeks is suitable for raffidophores. The concentration of fertilizers is selected in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
For raffidophores, it is better not to use special fertilizers for ornamental-deciduous plants: only universal complex preparations can fully satisfy the plant's need for nutrients.
Cropping and shaping
Rafidofora - a powerful and fast-growing plant. To control its growth, the plant can be pruned at a considerable age. To obtain a more lush crown and a dense wall covering, the vines stimulate branching by trimming or pinching the tops of the shoots.
If you want to grow a vine in the form of a spreading bush or limit the maximum length, you can carry out annual spring pruning at half the length of the twigs. With a loss of decorativeness, rafidophor can be subjected to cardinal anti-aging pruning, but at least two pairs of leaves should remain on the stems.
When installing rafidophore supports, a careful selection of structures is required. For this heavy creeper, only stable and able to withstand the mass of leaves of poles or forged structures are suitable. Rigid surfaces of supports should be protected with moss or twine, sisal or a decorative coating.
Transplant and substrate
Rafidofora grows very quickly, growing roots and mastering the substrate at a young age at such a rate that it may require not one but two transplants per year. Even adult plants are usually transplanted at least once every 2-3 years.
It is always better to focus on the rate of substrate development, the presence of signs of completely filling the soil with roots. The optimal time for transplantation is early spring, but if necessary, you can transplant rafidofora even in summer or early fall.
For this vines use universal high-quality earth mixtures. A purchased substrate with good indicators of looseness and nutrition, and a self-made earth mix (for example, from equal parts of leafy soil, humus and peat with the addition of loosening sand or inert materials) will do. If possible, a special substrate for indoor vines or Aroid ones can be purchased for the plant.
Rafidophors are afraid of contact with their roots. Especially dangerous are injuries of small subordinate roots. The plant is transshipped, trying not to destroy the earthen coma. In the first days after transplantation, rafidophore needs high air humidity and light soil moisture. Lighting should not be too bright. Standard care is resumed with the start of top dressing.
Diseases, pests and growing problems
Rafidophores can be severely affected by pests that spread in dry air. They often attract scale insects, aphids, spider mites, and mealy bugs are not uncommon. Pests on rafidophores are fought with insecticidal drugs and by cleaning the leaves with soap solutions.
Common problems in rafidophore cultivation:
- fading of leaves with strong shading;
- petioles elongation in low light;
- spots on leaves in direct sunlight;
- yellowing and wilting of leaves with increased soil moisture;
- the appearance of black spots and drying out of leaves with cold content and dampness.
In a room format, raffidophora is propagated only vegetatively, growing new plants from cuttings. For cuttings, cuttings of cuttings of a sufficiently large size are cut - about 20 cm long, with a mandatory oblique cut at the lower end and either with an aerial root or with a kidney (one leaf is enough).
After treatment in the solution of the rooting accelerator, the cuttings should be planted in a substrate consisting of half sand and half of ordinary soil for rafidofor. Plants are buried at an angle, immediately covered with a cap and maintain stable humidity by periodic spraying and airing.
To root the shoots of rafidophora, it is necessary to provide a hot environment - a temperature of about 26-28 degrees (the bottom heating is perfect). On average, rooting takes about 2 months. After the roots appear, the plants are planted in individual containers.