Garden calendar for May
May decorates the woods, but summer invites guests to visit - the proverb says. But in fact, the last month of spring is distinguished not only by a riot of greenery and the expectation of warmth, but also by a changeable character: on May days, the sun either bakes or frosts return. It is for this reason that during this period both the gardener and the gardener need to be alert to successfully prepare for the summer season.
Getting ready for landings
As in April, in early May, work continues on the preparation of beds, greenhouses, and garden cleaning. It is impossible to neglect these measures - this is the key to successful work in the future.
Sowing, planting in the garden
Despite the fact that in different regions the last month of spring is not the same, in most cases they plant on its warm days. First, cold-resistant crops are sown: salad, radish, spinach, onion sets, spring garlic, carrots, dill, parsley. Then more heat-loving: potatoes, peas, tomatoes, corn, sunflowers, beans, leeks, beets. And, after the threat of return frosts, “sissies”, including pumpkin, zucchini, cucumbers, peppers, eggplant.
If the garden is planted through seedlings, at the beginning of May white and cauliflower, pumpkin cabbage are still sown in the pots. The grown seedlings begin to temper two weeks before planting. To do this, first arrange a short ventilation of the premises where it is located, and then “walk” the plants in the fresh air, covering it from the winds and bright sun.
February and March seedlings of peppers, tomatoes, eggplants and early cucumbers are planted in greenhouses, in the beginning and middle of May. In the second decade of the month, white and Brussels sprouts, root celery are planted under cover material in the south and in the middle lane, pumpkin seeds are planted, March seedlings of undersized tomato varieties are planted, and cucumbers, squash, pumpkin, squash and seedlings are planted on warm beds and April seedlings.
There can be absolutely no exact landing dates this month, since the unstable nature of May forces us to focus on the individual conditions of the climatic zone and the particular weather conditions of the current year.
We supplement, update, change in the garden
The first decade of May is the last opportunity to supplement the garden with new cultures. Until the weather is warm, you can still plant seedlings of trees and shrubs, plant, re-graft stone fruits.
If the strawberry beds have not been updated since the fall, by the end of May you can transplant young outlets to a new place, supplement the berry collection with new varieties.
We care for strawberry beds
As soon as new leaves begin to grow on strawberries, it is necessary to begin caring for the garden. Remove, it is better with scissors, dead and damaged foliage, loosen, mulch, feed with infusion mullein (1 x 4 with water), slurry (1 x 2 with water) or bird droppings (1 x 10 with water).
Put in order raspberry
In May, young shoots are already clearly visible on the raspberry. But the extra shoots of raspberries are useless. Therefore, all unnecessary must be removed. Repairing varieties are especially afraid of thickening, reacting to the problem with a decrease in yield.
Since most modern high-yielding raspberry varieties are quite high, in May days, if this has not been done before, it is necessary to carry out their garter. To do this, place sprouts with a pitch of 10 cm on a pre-stretched trellis and tie them with twine. In this case, the first row of wire should be located at a height of 60 cm above ground level, the second - 1.2-1.5 m, depending on the height of the plants.
We protect plants from return frosts
For May days, a short-term return of low temperatures is common. That is why it would be nice to ask what date, on average, there are return frosts in your area. This will allow you to roughly navigate the timing of planting vegetables and "sleep soundly at night," after the calendar has stepped over critical days. If the issue of frost is relevant throughout the month, you need to think in advance about how to protect yourself from them.
The easiest way to maintain planting is irrigation. Moisture, evaporating from the ground, knocks down a low temperature, thereby preventing the harmful effects of frost on plant tissues. However, it is necessary to water the soil 2-3 hours before the critical temperature indicator, or at the time of frost, by sprinkling.
The same trick can save trees. Good water-charging irrigation, exposed along the perimeter of the crown of the container with water, irrigation of the crown, knock down the cold, allowing you to save the swollen or budding buds from death.
But you can go another way - to sow the gaps between the rows of green manure, cover the beds with plastic wrap, non-woven covering material, straw, organize smoke curtains in the garden, conduct root or foliar dressing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
We monitor soil moisture
Despite the fact that the hot weather is still not constant, in May it is already necessary to monitor the soil moisture. Especially in need of watering during this period are radishes, lettuce, cabbage, winter garlic, strawberries, raspberries. At the same time, watering the plants is necessary not only regularly, but also with sufficient wetting of the soil.
We protect ourselves from diseases and pests
Despite the fact that young foliage has only grown on the trees, the beds have just begun to please the greenery, many gardeners and gardeners do not have to rejoice, because now it is necessary to begin the fight against pests. Aphid appears, a bear activates, a spider mite begins to attack, ants work at all ... The simplest method of dealing with them is chemistry, but since what grows in our gardens is grown in order to obtain environmentally friendly products, it is worth thinking about folk methods.
So, against aphids can help tincture of tobacco, mustard or garlic. Against a spider mite - infusion of celandine, onion. Against the bear - water and vegetable oil. Ants are scared away by the smell of kerosene. However, one or two treatments with such agents will not be enough, it is important to repeat spraying with an interval of 5 days. Kerosene can not be applied to branches, but to moisten them with fabric cuts and spread them under the bushes.
On May days, onion and cabbage fly appear. To scare them away, it is necessary to treat the plants with ash or tobacco dust.
A small gray butterfly with wavy lines on its wings is the apple moth. It is also necessary to fight it in May. The butterfly itself is not dangerous, but its caterpillars are serious pests of apple and pear orchards. Against them, only insecticides can help - Karate, Aliot, etc. that can be advised at specialized retail outlets. The processing time should coincide with the exit of the caterpillars from the eggs, which coincides with the beginning of the flowering of acacia.
In early May, it is still possible to treat apple trees from leaf mulberries, pome seeds and stone fruits against bark beetles, plums and cherry plum from aphids and moths, cherries and sweet cherries from cherry flies, gooseberries and currants against glass. Process apple and pear against scab.
It is very important to inspect the blackcurrant bushes at the flowering stage. If there are separate flowers with elongated petals of a dirty pink hue, three-lobed elongated leaves (five-lobed leaves in healthy black currants) are terry. Such a plant needs to be uprooted and destroyed. Terry is a very dangerous disease, spread by birds and insects.
On the leaves of red and white currants, yellow or red swellings can be detected - this is a hairy or red-gall aphid. Such leaves will curl, then darken and fall. They must be cut off and destroyed, and the plants should be sprayed on the underside of the leaf with tincture of celandine (2 kg of fresh plants in 5 l of water, insist 24 hours).
The same control measures are also suitable for the destruction of gooseberry aphids, affecting not only gooseberries, but also black currants. Its presence on plants is easily determined by deformed petioles and leaflets twisted from top to bottom.
In the second half of the month it is important to process apples and pears against the 1st generation of the codling moth (with a repeat in late May), raspberries against the stem gall midge.
And by the beginning of June it will be necessary to begin the fight against the Colorado potato beetle.