Indian cinquefoil (Potentilla indica) - a type of herbaceous plant that resembles leaves and false fruits of wild strawberries. Although in many reference books the plant is classified as secreted from the genus Cinquefoil (Potentilla) kindDuchesnea (e.g. on the websiteGermplasm Resources Information Network), genetic studies show that the plant is more correctly attributed specifically to the cinquefoil.
The name itself comes from the Latin word ‘potens’ - which means strength, power, it used to be very important, since the plant was used in traditional medicine in large volumes. The genus itself is very extensive and has over 300 species, most of which are common in the northern hemisphere.
The plant can be distinguished by yellow flowers (in real strawberries - white or light pink). It grows in East and South Asia, however, it was introduced into many other countries as an ornamental plant. In a number of regions it has become wild and has become a weed.
The cinquefoil belongs to the order of the Rosaceae family of Rosaceae. The plant is characterized by increased aggressiveness and vitality. Almost all species of cinquefoil reproduce independently with the help of a mustache, which spread very quickly through the soil, occupying rather large areas of the site. Therefore, if you decide to have this wonderful plant in your summer cottage, you need to take care of the timely removal of the mustache ...
Perennial alien and wild ornamental plant with aerial creeping shoots, rooted in nodes. The internodes are up to 12 cm long. Creeping leafy stems, 30-100 cm long, dressed as petioles and pedicels with protruding hairs, sometimes with an admixture of stalked glands, subsequently reddening.
Basal leaves are numerous long-leaved, triple, dark green, often preserved in winter; stem leaves on shorter petioles; stipules are ovate-lanceolate, whole-marginal, incised in the upper stem leaves; leaflets on petioles, sphenoid-obovate or rhombic, up to 2-3 cm wide, town-toothed, protruding-hairy on both sides. The flowers are light yellow, 15-20 mm in diameter, on long and thin pedicels, tied in the middle of spring, and then irregularly during the growth period.
The outer sepals are leaf-shaped, at the apex 3-5-toothed or lobed, bent back after flowering. The stamen filaments are long, anthers are ovoid. Fruits are small, numerous, located on an oblong-ovoid fleshy bright red shoot; like strawberries. Each grower contains an average of 190 small fruitlets.
Fruits - white or red, completely covered with red seeds. The fruits are edible but tasteless. Seeding - from late May to mid-November.
Cinquefoil Indian propagates by seed and vegetative means. During vegetative propagation, cut sections of aerial creeping shoots are planted, which take root 10-15 days later, grow back quickly and completely cover the soil. Pieces of creeping shoots are planted in rows or randomly.
The cinquefoil is an Indian plant, it is a remontant plant, it blooms from mid-April to August-September, but mass flowering in late May. Goes under the snow with red "berries". Mass ripening of seeds at the end of July. The readiness of fruit collection is determined by the ripened dark red receptacle, which is easily separated by this time. “False berry” is dried indoors, achenes are easily separated from the receptacle, seed germination is well preserved for the 2-3rd year.
Indian cinquefoil is a plant with intensive growth of shoots, in some cases, on the 2nd year of life, the shoot length for a season reaches 160-180 cm.The graceful stolons of this plant are able to quickly capture large spaces and toss over obstacles, forming leaf rosettes by weight.
The cinquefoil grows well on fairly moist, loamy and loamy soils; tolerates also slightly saline and saline soils. The cinquefoil behaves almost like an evergreen plant. The most intense regrowth of shoots begins in early March.
It is good to create covers from this plant in parks, squares, on stony uneven areas.
- Fragaria indica Andrews - Indian Strawberry
- Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke - Indian Duchennea