Mono-flowers in garden design - types, features of creation and selection of plants
In the design of the garden there are many interesting tools for revealing the beauty of plants. One of the most striking ways to emphasize the dignity of your favorite and bright stars is monocots. Created from just one type of plant, they are actually a declaration of love to your favorite garden crops. From the legendary rosaries and iridaria to the more modest rabatok or individual islands, monocots always emphasize the beauty of the chosen plant. Simple means are used for this.
The use of monocots in garden design
The term "monocots" has become so popular today that its meaning and definition has even begun to be somewhat distorted. From rare solutions only for individual gardens, mono-flowers have become a favorite technique of designers and amateur gardeners. This is really a special kind of flower beds and garden compositions, which invariably becomes the center of attention.
Mono-flower, or monoclumba - a decorative composition created to reveal the beauty of one species (or genus) of plants. Mono-flower can be a flower garden only from species and varieties of a selected plant or an ensemble with a small addition of other cultures to highlight its beauty. But, in fact, mono-flower is still a flower garden of one plant species. These are ceremonial or dominant types of compositions that should be regarded and used as points of attraction of the gaze and the main decoration of the site.
The main goal of creating monocots is to fully reveal the beauty of the selected plant. There is no other way to so vividly emphasize all its advantages (as well as its features in general). This is a chance to create an ensemble in which one could freely admire the chosen culture.
In essence, mono-flower - in raising to the absolute of a single plant - lies the main secret of its creation. Mono-flowers should be dedicated to the most beloved garden crops - those without which they cannot imagine the design of the site, that is, the gardeners most dear to the heart.
This is the best way to maintain, create and replenish the collection of your favorite plants, allowing you to collect species and varieties in one place and actually create your own mini-garden dedicated to one garden culture.
This type of flower garden is considered one of the simplest in structure and organization, but at the same time - difficult to care for. In fact, it simplifies the cultivation of capricious plants as much as possible - for them they allocate a separate composition, with ideally suitable conditions, which is convenient to care for. Of course, the shortcomings of the plant can be fully manifested, but the effect of the ceremonial presentation of decorative qualities always compensates for this with a minus. As well as the ability to calculate, provide for any little things that can affect the development of the plant and the quality of its flowering.
Mono-flowers - an element of the design of a mostly regular garden. It was previously believed that it was impossible to introduce them into the design of a natural style, but in recent years, professional designers have presented interesting projects that refute this rule. For simulating wild plantings, of course, mono-flowers cannot be used. But in a romantic, modern, country style landscape design, you can experiment with them quite freely.
Today, with the use of the term “mono-flower”, there has been some confusion, apparently related to translation difficulties. Sometimes monochrome compositions are attributed to mono-flowers - made with the selection of plants in one color. But since we are talking about the concept of only a color palette and a fundamentally different principle of creating ensembles, an absolutely excellent method of constructing a composition, monochrome (plain) flower beds cannot belong to mono-flowers in any way.
Advantages and disadvantages of monocots
Creating a mono-flower in your garden is worth at least for the following reasons:
- full disclosure of the advantages of the plant;
- enhancing the effect of abundance, beauty of the structure of inflorescences and individual flowers or leaf color;
- increase in preferred collection;
- disclosing the diversity and richness of the varietal palette of the selected culture;
- the opportunity to assemble a collection of unique varieties;
- a more thorough study of the characteristics of the plant;
- a variety of experiments with reproduction;
- simplification of garden care due to the "isolation" of the most capricious species;
- convenience of watering, top dressing, pruning;
- the ability to choose the best lighting and adjust the composition of the soil to create conditions close to ideal;
- simpler preparation for winter;
- the ability, if desired, to expand the mono-flower to any area;
- easy process of culling unproductive or disappointing varieties, diseased or poorly overwintered plants and replacing them with new copies.
But monoclumbes, of course, have their own disadvantages, which not every gardener is ready to put up with:
- the decorative period of the composition is limited to the period of flowering or vegetation of the plant (with the exception of winter-green species);
- increased manifestation of plant imperfections;
- the need for more thorough care;
- increased risk of infection for unstable plants.
Types of monocots
Mono-flowers are most often associated with small flower beds, islands on the lawn or a neat little discount. But their resettlement is much more diverse. From the point of view of the size of the composition, monocots are divided into three categories:
- miniturns with an area of less than 2 square meters;
- small flower gardens up to 6 square meters;
- medium mono-flowers up to 15 square meters;
- large and giant monocompositions (usually they are created for favorite shrubs).
Most often, when choosing a size, they are guided by the place that can be allocated for a mono-flower. But it is always worth remembering the proportion, the ratio with the surrounding landscape and the need to maximize the beauty of the plant itself. The area of the flower garden should not cause the plants on it to get lost and look inconspicuous, or, conversely, too bulky and inappropriate.
Mono-flowers are very different in terms of the type of flower beds themselves. Single (freestanding) monocots - the most popular option. They are placed on lawns or clearings from groundcover with a comprehensive overview. Such mono-flowers can be strict (circle, square, semicircle, rectangle, rhombus) or with blurry contours.
But mono-flowers can also be broken up as a separate discount or a bilateral discount, a group of plants around a large tree or adjacent to any border, an object of small architecture, a path, actually breaking up like a full-fledged flower garden and even as a masking group.
If the flower garden is divided over a large area, it can be represented as a series of mini-flower beds or divided by paths into walking zones. Large monophonic flower beds are always made out of separate simple “modules” as a complex, using a form to compensate for some dullness.
Rosaries, sirengari and other monocots can even be placed in a separate zone, highlighting them in a special garden "room with a secret." The variety of such a flower garden in shape and size is not limited by anything.
In terms of filling, monocots are divided into three categories:
- homogeneous (simple) mono-flowers made from one variety or plant species;
- “Flat” mono-flowers with the same plant height, but with a diverse color;
- strict relief compositions (with strict observance of the ranking of plants from high in the center or in the background to low in the foreground or along the edges), as well as landscape type (without strict alternation and pattern);
The most important thing in the classification of monocots is to determine their type. Mono-flowers are “clean”, with decorative mulch or bare soil and not involving the use of plants to create the background. And there are augmented mono-flowers - with planting along the front edge, in the form of a border or to fill the soil of partner, not drawing attention to themselves, but shading the beauty of the main star plants.
Read the general rules for creating flower beds in the material of 8 basic types of flower beds.
Most often, additional plants are used for monocots from shrubs, but for herbaceous plants, it is preferable to choose the mulching coating and variety so that the composition does not look careless.
Features of creating monocots
Choosing a place for a mono-flower is a key success factor. They can be broken down even where there is a place for this, but not in the “backyard”. Mono-flower - ceremonial composition. Place it where it will immediately be evident. For him, only places that look down from the entrance to the zone or from the path, that is, platforms that can attract the attention of guests, are suitable.
From a practical point of view, compositions are simpler than monocots, not found. In fact, their creation is reduced to the selection of plant varieties and species and their placement in the allotted area. Of course, much remains to be taken care of - from the selection of conditions to the process of planting and caring for plants. But the process itself is much simpler than creating any mixed flower garden.
Selection of conditions for monocots is always carried out according to the preferences and characteristics of the selected plant. Lighting, soil characteristics, fertilizing and correction of the soil reaction - everything should be selected strictly individually. Even the timing of pre-planting work with soil is better determined by the type of plant. But there are also procedures that any mono-flower will certainly need:
- deep digging;
- selection of rhizomes of weeds, stones, other debris.
The number of plants in the monocot is determined by its area and by which plants are used. There is a strict restriction only for shrubs: only a composition of at least 5 plants can be considered a mono-flower. For herbaceous crops, and any mono-flowers in general, it is better to calculate by dividing the area allotted for mono-flowers by the recommended distance for planting a particular species.
The choice of planting material for monocots is very important. If you use the strategy of sowing in the soil, the use of seedlings or annual seedlings of shrubs, it is worth considering how long it will take the plants to reach the peak of decorativeness.
For monocots, it is usually recommended to use large, adult plants and delenki that can bloom as early as next year. The choice of shrub saplings is especially important, because the expectation of the first flowers for them can last up to more than five years, or it can be only a year or two.
In the process of creating monocots, it all comes down to simple procedures:
- The surface of the future mono-flower is leveled.
- Plants are laid out on the flower garden, observing the recommended distances when planting and placing the plants in accordance with the mono-flower plan.
- Individual plants are dug for the plants.
- Saplings are gently dug, gradually filling the planting pits with substrate and observing the recommended depth.
- If you plan to plant background plants, they are placed after the main ones.
- The planting process is completed by abundant watering.
- The monocot surface is mulched. If plants need protection from direct sun, install additional screens.
For mono-flowers, which do not provide for the planting of additional plants, you must definitely choose a mulch and take care of the design of the front edge. Not only bark and compost, sawdust or decorative gravel are available for mulching today. Original multi-colored coatings made of artificial stone and colored sand, as well as an assortment of other types of decorative mulch, amaze the imagination.
The border is created, guided by the decisions and style already used in the garden. Neat steel tape, clinker bricks, mini-wattle, masonry and other materials should be checked for compatibility with the selected plant: far from always the texture and color of the border successfully emphasize the beauty of the main plants. When choosing a border, it is worth remembering whether there will be an opportunity to expand the flower garden if desired.
Plants for monocots
Mono-flowers, most often, are named after the plant to which they are dedicated. For mono-flowers, true stars are chosen. Of course, theoretically you can create mono-flowers from any plant - and perennial, and summer, and shrubs - but not all of them will successfully cope with their task.
Flower beds from annuals, including mono-flowers, are simply planted with seedlings of your favorite plants. For them, species with the longest and lush flowering or with the status of a cut crop are chosen. Gazania, marigolds, celosia, petunias, snapdragon - make the choice to your taste.
Among the herbaceous perennials for monocots choose the best flowering crops. The most popular options include:
- iridaria - monocots from irises;
- primaries - compositions from primrose;
- floksariy - mono-flower of phlox;
- lilinaria - monocots from lilies;
- Pionaria - monocots from peonies.
Monocots are also broken for the collection of rudbecki, lavender, daylily, chrysanthemums, asters, ornamental cereals, etc.
Flower gardens from bulbous or tuberous plants always give special status. Mono-flowers from tulips, gladioli, daffodils, alliums (decorative bows), dahlias or more exotic bulbous look elegant and are the best seasonal subspecies of mono-flowers. But they are decorative only during the flowering period and most often such a mono-flower requires replanting of summers to maintain decorativeness throughout the entire garden season.
Mono-flowers from flowering shrubs - monoclobes from rhododendrons, hydrangeas, lilacs, and, of course - from roses, also became legendary. After all, each rose garden remains a mono-flower - according to the peculiarities of arrangement and selection of plants, as well as their presentation.
The process of selecting plants to create a mono-flower depends on the decorative task. For homogeneous simple monocots from just one species of plants, it is enough to stock up with the right amount of seedlings. If complex compositions are made, then the choice is made, focusing on several characteristics and parameters of plants.
The main criteria for the selection of species and varieties:
- The timing of flowering, the ability to stretch the flowering and decorative period of the whole composition for as long as possible.
- Plant height - is selected depending on the desired topography of the composition and its pattern.
- Texture, lines and sizes of leaves. If the choice of plant varieties and species allows, it is worth observing the general principles of composing compositions, observing the contrast between neighboring plants and trying to emphasize the beauty of each individual culture. Strict and landscape, with a dense crown and delicate effect, small or large leaves, different shades of green or a varied color effect - plants are able to add more depth to the monocot.
- The color scheme - even for mono-flowers it can be very different. Contrast color combinations, a harmonious palette, one tone or color, watercolor effects - there are plenty to choose from.
When choosing varieties, it is worth considering the general properties and "compatibility", a game of not only colors, but also aromas, growth rates, and the degree of endurance. If there are "unverified" or possessing yet unknown characteristics of the variety, it is worth planting them along the edge of monocots, so that the risk of replacement is associated with less injury to other plants.
If monocots decide to emphasize with a line of plants along the leading edge or ground covers, then the choice is made primarily according to the same requirements for growing conditions. Unpretentious and quickly filling the soil, but not aggressive partner cultures are favorites. Periwinkles, geraniums, survivors, clover, saxifrages, and loosestrife are just a few candidates from which to choose.
At the forefront, crops are planted from among ideal partners for the chosen star (for example, hosts and ferns for rhododendrons, lavender and wormwood for roses), which can soften the beauty of the main stars with their soft line and do not attract attention.