How to care for lychnis?
Strange, dazzlingly bright, outlandish, sloppy - what garden epithets are not awarded with only epithets. Culture has become one of the favorite species and is found both in the most fashionable design projects and in private gardens. The main advantage of Lychnis is its low maintenance requirements. Indeed, to admire the dazzling colors of inflorescences, you just need to not forget about timely top dressing.
Dawn, Campion, or botanical lichen - as these irreplaceable and inimitable herbaceous perennials from the Carnation family, do not name all the names immediately cause associations with dazzling colors. Moreover, the latter are characteristic not only for flowers, but also for leaves. Lichnis are bright, "obedient" and surprisingly undemanding plants, combining both high decorativeness and ease of cultivation.
Lichnis (Lychnis) - grassy perennials of the rhizome type, forming thick attractive sods, which sometimes look somewhat messy. The height of the bushes is from 15 to 90 cm. Direct numerous shoots are combined with lanceolate-ovate leaves. Both the shoots and foliage are covered with a velvety fringe, but their color is different: shoots and peduncles are most often purple-reddish, and the leaves are dazzling bright green. But Lychnis is not valued for greens. The bizarre capitate or corymbose inflorescences on the tops of the shoots consist of large unusual flowers with two-lobed or four-parted petals and dazzling colors - bright scarlet, blood red, orange, yellow, pink or white. After flowering, Lychnis tied with multi-root fruits, hiding sufficiently large, kidney-shaped dark seeds that retain germination for a long time.
All species of lichens, which are used as perennial plants - lichen chalcedony, and Arkwright, and alpine, sparkling, crowned, Haage, Jupiter - are similar in cultivation. These are drought-resistant and frost-resistant plants that need simple care.
Some species of Dawn, or Lychnis (Lychnis) currently belong to the genus Smolevka (Silene), but among flower growers are still called Lychnisy.
Lychnis alpina - Swyolivka swedish (Silene suecica).
Crowned lichen, or Campanula leathery (Lychnis coronaria) - Shed crowned (Silene coronaria).
Kukushkin ordinary color (Lychnis flos-cuculi) —Silene flos-cuculi.
Jupiter's Lychnis (Lychnis flos-jovis) - Silene flos-jovis.
Outdoor care for lichens
The main thing to take care of when cultivating cornice is bright lighting. These are photophilous perennials that, in strong shading, are stretched, deformed, not to mention weak flowering. Lichnis do not show themselves too well even in the slightest shade, showing a growth lag, smaller sizes and brightness of flowers.
It is better to select soils for lychis from among moist, high-quality, loose, loamy or loamy soils. Damp soils, stagnation of water, constantly high humidity do not like all garlic. Waterlogging is very dangerous for harvesting during irrigation, and in spring or autumn. Therefore, increased attention should be paid to drainage and the selection of such sites where there is no risk of stagnation of water. Acidic soils are not tolerated. At the landing site, it is better to improve the soil in advance by introducing full mineral and organic fertilizers, sand or other loosening additives into it. The soil reaction is preferably neutral or slightly calcareous.
Lichens are planted, leaving a distance of about 25-35 cm between plants. A closer planting will lead to a quick degeneration of turfs and vulnerability to diseases, more rare - to the fact that the plant does not form continuous spots and will look messy.
Harvest requirements for moisture and watering
Lichnis are quite drought tolerant and can do without watering. But long periods of drought adversely affect the size and number of inflorescences, so it is better to provide watering for this perennial. When there is not enough natural rainfall, lichnis should be supported by additional irrigation with a frequency of 1 time per week and deep soaking of the soil. This plant does not like waterlogging, therefore it is better not to overdo it with watering even during flowering.
Loosening of soil and weeding
It is important for the lichen to keep the soil stably loose. After any rainfall or watering, the soil is loosened. Mulching also contributes to maintaining soil characteristics. Weeds easily “clog” and suppress the plant, so they must be removed as soon as possible.
Pruning and rejuvenation of lichens
In lichens, it is advisable to remove faded inflorescences. Without removing the fading flowers before the fruit ripens, the flowering period is significantly shortened.
The main trimming of lichens is carried out in the fall, completely cutting off the aerial part and not leaving dry stems until spring.
If larchis planted on windy grounds, then plants will need support in the form of tying to a support.
These perennials are not inclined to quickly lose their decorativeness, but it is better not to leave the lichens in one place for longer than 5 years. Separation and transplantation make it possible not to see the “negative” sides of larchis (their negligence and sloppiness), support the plant highly decorative and lushly blooming.
One unusual problem may arise in the cultivation of carnivores: the plant is not only non-aggressive, but also reacts poorly to rapidly growing competitors. If partners or surrounding cultures are prone to sprawl, then they can completely supplant lichen. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to the “overwhelming attempts” of neighboring plants and immediately taking measures to protect your favorite adonis.
For this perennial, it is advisable to apply regular top dressing. Fertilizers for lexis begin to be applied the next year after planting.
The standard approach is three top dressings of lexis per year:
- Early spring top dressing with nitrogen or full mineral fertilizers.
- Top dressing at the peak of flowering with full mineral fertilizer.
- Top dressing after flowering with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.
You can apply another strategy: to fertilize only twice, using nitrogen in the spring and potassium-phosphorus fertilizing during flowering.
Lychnis is not accidentally ranked as hardy, hardy perennials. But in snowless winters, especially in the first two years, lichens can suffer from freezing of the soil and the lack of stable conditions, constant fluctuations in temperature and humidity. Therefore, for this perennial, the best strategy is preventive shelter. All that is needed is just a high mulch or light hilling, covered with spruce branches.
Pest and Disease Control
Lichens are considered resistant plants, which in optimal conditions and with regular care are not in danger. But if these perennials suffer from waterlogging, too frequent and abundant watering, planted very densely, then they can be vulnerable to spotting, rust, root rot. It is better to deal with problems by correction of care and living conditions, transplantation, copper-containing fungicides.
Aphids, leafworms and drooling pennies also threaten lichens in a neglected state or in the vicinity of affected plants. You can fight pests with biological agents (for example, a solution of tobacco), and insecticides. If the plant was infected, then in addition to fighting in the next 2-3 years before blooming, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying.