Florist calendar for June
The colorful summer is just beginning, in the garden the favorite plentifully flowering summer people are just preparing for the main show, but bright colors and juicy greens already speak of the arrival of the hottest time of the year. June is one of the most active months in the life of every gardener, because the first droughts and sultry days during the period of the most active growth of not only cultivated plants, but also weeds do not leave time for idleness. But the active planting has already been completed, and the rest of the chores will not prevent you from admiring the beauties of the greens and lush blooms that have not yet faded under the influence of the heat.
Garden chores to be dealt with before mid-June
Mulch everything we can
This important item in the calendar of each gardener will not only simplify the maintenance of decorative compositions, but also save a lot of resources and physical strength. At the very beginning of June, update the already implicit mulch or create a mulch layer where you have not had time to do this. Try to mulch literally all the free and bare soil on flower beds and flower beds, alpine slides, in the front garden. This simple method will allow the soil to retain moisture more effectively, maintain its friability, air and water permeability and structure, control weeds, reduce irrigation procedures and forget about weeding.
In order to create a protective layer of mulch in the compositions, you can use purely decorative materials, in particular stone chips or crushed bark, as well as any means available to you - from mowed grass and compost to peat, wood sawdust and straw. Mulch needs to be constantly updated and maintained, creating an even and rather thick layer from 3 to 8 cm high. Having spent time mulching the soil or renewing the protective layer created in early spring, you will allow yourself to save energy and time, which in June can be spent more expediently.
Last chance to plant gladioli and sow lawns
If for some reason you have not had time to plant gladioli or other bulbous crops, then in early June, and with sufficient rainfall and not too hot weather and throughout the first half of the month you can still plant these plants.
June is considered the last opportunity in the first half of the season to create new lawns and clearings from ground cover grasses, in particular from clover, Veronica and other plants. The favorable period for planting new green and flowering clearings will appear the next time only in August, so in June it is better not to postpone the process of creating new emerald carpets.
Crops of biennials and wild perennials
The last crops of annual and biennial plants, designed to decorate the garden closer to autumn or for flowering for the next season, are carried out directly in open soil in June. In the first half of the month, the seeds of pansies, daisies, forget-me-nots, night violets are sown on seedlings and covered with non-woven material to retain moisture in the soil. They are cultivated with constant watering with thinning or transplanted to a permanent place as soon as possible.
In the first decade of the month, it is necessary to allocate time for sowing the so-called wild, or landscape, short-lived perennials with a tendency to self-seeding and “scattering” in the garden, which are sown on ridges with subsequent transfer to a permanent place. It is in June that sowing is carried out for varietal and ordinary flax, fragrant violets, and medunica.
Landing Dahlia, Begonias and Cannes
If gladioli are traditionally planted earlier and June provides only the last chance to plant these beautiful plants, then for begonias, Indian cannas and a dahlia in the middle band, it is an ideal month for planting in open soil. It is necessary to transfer to a permanent place at this time both soilless and pre-germinated plants for early flowering in containers and pots. For dahlias, you must definitely install supports in the pits in advance, to which you can then tie up powerful bushes.
Works for the whole of June
Watering for flowering plants and not only
In June, watering becomes one of the main responsibilities for caring for flower beds and decorative compositions in the garden. An insufficient soil moisture level and, especially, a prolonged drought can act as a critical factor not only for perennial and annual plants that continue to bloom or just enter this article, but also for the growth of recently planted seedlings of especially heat-loving annuals and all late-flowering perennials starting Gain the power of greenery and just preparing to produce peduncles.
Irrigation in June is also of great importance for long-faded daffodils, tulips and hyacinths, in which bulbs are formed at this time and their ripening occurs before excavation.
Watering rules at the beginning of summer are no different from general recommendations:
- Never use cold water: it must be allowed to warm to ambient temperature before the procedure.
- Try to carry out the procedures in the mornings and evenings, never water the plants in the midst of the sun.
- Do not water the surface: it will not only bring no results, but it will also create many problems, including caking of the soil and its compaction, weed growth.
All efforts are weed control
With the advent of the first month of summer, the weeding becomes the most time-consuming component of care and the mandatory procedure that must be carried out in any plantings, including decorative compositions. Indeed, at this time, not only young plants are actively developing, but also weeds, which grow much faster. They should not even be given the chance of distribution and uncontrolled seizure of territory.
Weed herbs take away precious nutrients and moisture from all flowering and not only plants, they are especially dangerous for new plantings. The earlier you can remove them from flower beds and flower beds, the more comfortable conditions you will create for all the cultural inhabitants of your garden.
We feed blooming beauties
Plants that are already blooming or are just about to bloom in June-July at the very beginning of summer need to provide intensive top dressing, which will allow for more abundant flowering. In the first decade of June, the following fertilizers are needed:
- rhizome perennials - phlox, astilbe, rudbeckia, nyvyanik, daylily, delphiniums, peonies, gaylardia, lichenis, poppies, feverfew and many others;
- bulbous plants blooming in summer, both exotic and lilies familiar to us all.
It is also necessary to feed during this month, but already in the second half, and gladioli.
Do not forget about particularly actively growing vines, in particular about the main annual treetop. They grow lashes amazingly quickly, sometimes grow by 10 cm per day and with gratitude will respond to watering and regular feeding, which will support plants in the stage of active development.
We transfer heat-loving summers to the garden
The first month of summer is considered the main one for carrying to a permanent place all heat-loving summers grown through seedlings. These include petunia, marigolds, sage, celosia, sunflower, ageratum, balsam, sweet peas, lobelia, decorative pumpkins, morning glory and many other summers that do not tolerate even the slightest cold. Seedlings of these crops need to be transferred to flower beds, in flower beds or flower beds from summers, planted in containers for pottery gardens in June.
Immediately provide plants with active watering for better survival and maintain a constant soil moisture until active growth begins. Fertilizers should only be added to the nursing program for summer flies planted in June 3 weeks or a month after landing.
We pay attention to roses
In early summer, roses only begin the first wave of flowering, and in order for them to bloom as long as possible and abundantly, it is necessary to cut off fading flowers in a timely manner, removing them above the first high-quality leaf along with the peduncle.
Constantly monitor all bushes on the site: this will allow you to identify traces of powdery mildew or black spotting as soon as possible, and effectively and timely carry out pest control.
If your roses bloom later and they only form buds, be sure to fertilize them with full mineral fertilizer or mixtures specifically designed for roses and flowering crops.
However, the care of garden princesses is not limited to removing inflorescences and top dressing. For roses you need:
- carry out weeding, preventing the development of weeds;
- loosen the soil in the near-stem circle and renew the mulch;
- remove wild rosehip shoots if they appear on grafted varieties;
- carry out deep irrigation during drought.
Do not forget about other decorative shrubs
In June, beautiful rhododendrons, as a rule, complete their flowering. Immediately after flowering, these shrubs need to be fed, and with signs of wilting and yellowing of the leaves, special preparations should be added to the soil to increase acidity and neutralize calcium.
Under bushes on flower beds, as well as woody or other large plants, under hedges forming the background for decorative compositions, it is imperative to timely collect fallen leaves and needles. They will serve not as protection against excessive drying of the soil, but as a hotbed of diseases and pests, bringing more harm than good. Remove all fallen foliage in a timely manner and do not let it rest in neighboring plants.
Start mowing the lawn
In the first month of summer, the lawn mowing season starts. During the first mowing, it is necessary to leave a grass stand at least 4 cm high (if there is a dry weather without precipitation, then increase the coating height by an average of 3-4 cm).
In order for the lawn to be thick and juicy, it looks perfect and weeds and moss did not even have a chance to spread along the emerald carpet, after the first mowing, try not to postpone the following procedure. At the beginning of summer, cut it as often as possible, about once a week for ordinary and 2 times a week for parterre glades.
In June, lawns begin to actively water at the first sign of a drought that is too prolonged, and if necessary, additional fertilizing is introduced for them, stimulating growth and increasing resistance.
We remove the faded annuals
Many annual stars by the beginning of June or within a month are already completing their colorful parade. Daisies, pansies, forget-me-nots and other early crops that traditionally bloom at the beginning of the garden season or are specially driven out to decorate the garden at an earlier date must be removed from the soil in a timely manner.
Remove all flowering plants from the pots and remove from the flower beds, and prepare the vacated space in order to plant a new seedling of summer and autumn-colored stars. For new plantings, after removing the faded plants, it is enough to add compost to the soil and carefully dig the soil, choosing all the weed rhizomes.
All bulb and small bulb plants that were expelled for early spring flowering and decorating rooms or the garden should be dug out of the pots and put away for storage or transferred to the soil in the garden.
We clean perennial perennials and ground covers that have faded in spring
Pay attention to all perennial plants that have faded in spring or early June, including ground cover. In these crops, it is necessary to remove the faded inflorescences, if necessary, conduct a haircut to stimulate the second wave of flowering. Particular attention should be paid to the awl-shaped phlox, shave, casing, and other ground covers, which after flowering without leaving begin to thin and bare. They need to cut out all the yellowed and discarded leaves, shorten the longest lashes so that the pillows and carpets they created remain attractive until the end of the season.
Careful maintenance of container and potted plants
Do not forget about the compositions in flower beds, mixed planting in containers, pottery gardens, window and balcony drawers. This month, it is necessary to complete the landscaping of the balcony, terrace, recreation areas as soon as possible, finally forming colorful compositions that will decorate them before the arrival of autumn. Since June, they have been given increased attention.
Watering for all plants growing in separate containers should be regular systemic, in June they are brought to daily to maintain constant, but not excessive soil moisture. You should also start weekly feeding plants in potted gardens to maintain constant soil nutrition.
From the beginning of June, indoor plants and the most sensitive exotic potted plants can be taken out into the fresh air and into the garden. Decorate terraces and relaxation areas with citrus, fuchsia, pomegranates, laurels, pelargoniums ...
The beginning of summer is the best time for grafting oleander, dope, pomegranate and many other tub plants. Chopped green cuttings root under the hood using standard technology.
We make mobile water gardens
If you want to decorate your garden with portable ponds and mini-ponds in large bowls, containers and other containers, then in June you should start creating them. Use decorative plants that already exist in your garden, small, compact crops decorating ponds or streams for a mobile water garden, or purchase several seedlings of water plants specially.