Deyringia berry - room rarity
Beautiful Australian deerings are considered rare cultures today. Neither thin shoots, nor bright leaves, nor unusual fruiting returned the once popular plant to the lists of the best crops. But in terms of their ability to put up with not the brightest lighting and decorate the rooms of deeringia that are not the most suitable for growing plants, they do not know equal. This is an unpretentious and hardy plant, which is worth a look.
Rare custom liana
Deuringia is one of the most “elusive” indoor plants. Immediately after importation into Europe, it was considered one of the most promising species, a culture perfectly suitable for exploring plants and their propagation. But today deringia is more common in lists of directories than on shelves or in catalogs. And this is not entirely true: a unique evergreen beauty can surprise with unusual fruiting, and bright greens, and the choice of growth form. And grassy, light and lush greens contrasts pleasantly with most indoor vines and shrubs.
There are many confusions with the names of deringia. In our catalogs and in everyday life, a plant is often formulated as “deerginia,” although the botanical name of the plant is deringia. Both names can be used as synonyms, although the confusion with the arrangement of syllables is most likely caused by a spelling error in the first directories.
Deeringia in room culture is represented by one single species - amarantoids (Deeringia amaranthoides, still more popular name berry bearing (Deeringia baccata), clearly indicating the main feature of the plant). The representative of the Amaranth family is significantly inferior in popularity to the most common plants, but it can also boast of a special decorative effect. Deuringiae are Australian endemic species found in nature in a dry subtropical climate and not losing their “habits” and sizes in indoor culture.
This is an evergreen shrub with thin drooping shoots, which can be classified as compact vines or semi-lianas. Thin and flexible twigs, capable of stretching up to 6 m in nature, and limited to 1-2 meters in room culture, form a lush crown, almost hidden under tight-fitting oval small-sized leaves with a pointed tip. The length of the leaves does not exceed 4 cm, the edge is solid. Deeringia is characterized by a very beautiful saturated mid-green cold color. On sale, this berry beauty can be found in variegated form. The white border on the leaves only emphasizes the special beauty of greenery. The matte texture of the leaves remains an uncharacteristic characteristic of both decorative forms and the base plant, giving it a bluish effect. The leaves are thin and light, with protruding veins, fresh and “grassy” in appearance.
It is difficult to call deeringia bloom spectacular; it only precedes bright fruiting, but the lines of inflorescences are very beautiful. Spike-shaped dense long inflorescences are collected in complex panicles of 2-5 pieces, bend arcuately, seem to be lashes or snakes, give the whole plant graphic. The flowers at Deeringia seem to be bashfully peeping, giving the "sticks" of inflorescences an openwork neatness. The greenish, merging with the axis of inflorescences color of flowers on fairly short pedicels attracts attention to beautiful stamens. But deeringia reaches the peak of decorativeness when the flowers are replaced by rounded red berries. In a loose brush, the berries look especially impressive, sparkling like beads in a precious jewelry. Outwardly, fertility is reminiscent of red currants and coffee.
Deyeringia - a plant visually light and fresh. It enlivens the familiar classic accents in the interior, brings variety to the collection. For all its massiveness, this half-vine looks like an elegant and animating interior small garden miracle. Deyringiya perfectly copes with the task of creating the effect of drowning in greenery, without distorting the space. The ability to form allows you to use the plant in rooms of any size. In the absence of pruning or guiding measures, the plant can be exposed from below, the trunk thickens and, as it were, rises. Deuringia lose their compactness and attractiveness with age. If the plant looks sloppy or neglected, then it is better to either try to rejuvenate the bush with cardinal pruning, or replace the old ones with those grown from cuttings.
Care for deringing at home
The visual airiness fully reflects the simplicity of leaving: deeringia is an unpretentious and hardy liana, but it needs a systematic approach and the more beautiful, the more thorough the care. It is advisable for her to provide a cool wintering. But for the rest, deeringia, if they can be found, can be recommended even to beginner gardeners.
Lighting for deringia
Deyeringia berry-bearing is a shade-tolerant plant. It bears magnificent fruitfulness in bright, but diffused lighting, but it also tolerates shading. A strong shadow negatively affects the shoots, leads to stretching and blanching, but in partial shade and in the interior at a small distance from the window, the plant develops without visible damage to decorativeness. In winter, the light intensity is better to increase. In order not to lose the attractiveness of the leaves and avoid stretching the shoots, it is better to rearrange the deergy to lighter places. The plant can be illuminated, but since deerginia does not belong to the most photophilous cultures, it usually does not need such measures.
Amarantoids deringia very tolerates temperature fluctuations. It grows both in standard temperature conditions for living rooms and in cool rooms, and is not afraid of short-term cooling or heat. In the spring-summer period, the plant will reveal its decorative effect even when kept at temperatures from 18 to 25 degrees, and at higher rates. In winter, during the dormant period, if deeringia is not grown for the sake of abundant fruiting, there is no need for the plant to create any special conditions. The shrub hibernates equally well both at room temperatures and when cool. If you want to reveal all the beauty of the bush, to achieve abundant flowering and the formation of berries, then for the wintering period it is better to provide a cool content with an average temperature of about 15 degrees. The main thing is that the temperatures do not fall below 13 degrees (stable 14-15 degrees of deering are not scary).
Dearing, if desired, in the warm season can be used as a garden pot plant, even planted in mixed compositions. In the garden, the plant must be protected from lowering the temperature to 10 degrees, bringing it to the premises on cool days. Deerginia also feels great on balconies. At any time of the year, even in winter, it is important for the plant to provide access to fresh air, regular ventilation. Dragging is not afraid of drafts.
Dearing irrigation and air humidity
Dearings require very careful, gentle watering. Plants are sensitive to dampness, stagnation of water in the lower part of the earthen coma, therefore, after irrigation, water is immediately drained, and the irrigation itself is made not abundant, but frequent. The plant is not afraid of drought, but prolonged or complete drying of an earthen coma can lead to partial dropping of leaves, stunting, and loss of decorativeness. Therefore, deuringia need to provide regular watering with control of drying out of the soil, constant light humidity. In winter, watering is reduced depending on the rate of drying of the substrate, slightly reducing humidity compared with the summer period. The higher the air temperature, the more often and more abundantly you need to water the plant. If deringia is taken out to fresh air, then it needs more generous watering.
For this, plants use standard standing water for irrigation, at the same temperature as indoor air.
Deeringia tolerates even the hottest temperatures. But as soon as the indicators exceed 23-24 degrees, for the plant you need to start spraying. Additional sprayings help deerings to cope with both excessive heat and dry air during operation of heating devices. Installation of humidifiers is not necessary.
It is advisable to regularly clean the leaves of the plant from dust. With a frequency of about once a month, they carry out a showering or washing (but not at the stage of flowering and fruiting, when cleaning is best done manually). For deringia, you can use tools to enhance the shine of the leaves.
Feeding for deringia
Fertilizers for this plant are applied at a standard frequency. Additional feeding will be required for deringia only during the period of active growth, from March to the end of September, with a frequency of about 1 time in 2 weeks. It is necessary to stop and resume top dressing gradually, either slowly increasing and decreasing the frequency of procedures, or using reduced doses of fertilizers with a standard frequency.
For deringia, they use full complex fertilizers - universal fertilizer mixtures, since this crop is equally important and needs all three basic macroelements in equal proportions.
Trimming and deringing shaping
Deyeringia with its thin shoots can grow both as a half-vine on the supports, and as a spreading bushy houseplant with some formation measures. Usually, when a height of 1 m is reached, the plant loses its compactness, splendor and decorativeness, therefore if it is not planned to tie the shoots to the support, pruning and controlling pinching should be introduced into the care program. Deerginia is restrained by tweezing the tips of young branches throughout the active growth period. Trimming to give a more compact and accurate contours is carried out in the spring, after transplantation.
Transplant and substrate
Deyringia usually develop quite actively and for these plants in the early years an annual transplant is preferred. Spend it at the end of February or March, with the appearance of the first signs of the beginning of growth. Only adults and large deringings are transplanted with a frequency of 1 time in 2 years, but in the early spring, the procedure for partially replacing the top layer of the substrate in pots is still annually carried out annually.
Deuringia has a powerful root system. The plant itself, although visually light, requires the selection of large, with a height slightly larger than the width, stable containers. The support is installed before the plant is transplanted.
Deuringia can be planted in any quality substrate. Universal earth mix and substrates for decorative deciduous plants are suitable for her. The main thing is that the soil is loose, nutritious and permeable. The substrate for the plant can also be prepared independently by mixing turf soil with sand, peat and leafy soil in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1.
When transplanting plants, it is better not to destroy the main earthen coma, removing only the free and contaminated substrate. The plant is transshipped, maintaining the same level of penetration. At the bottom of the deeringia pots, a high layer of drainage is necessarily laid.
Derming diseases and pests
Deeringia is considered one of the most stable indoor plants, with normal care, it is not afraid of pests or diseases. Dampness and overflow turn around the spread of various types of rot. If in hot weather the plant is in dry air, then there may be problems with spider mites, aphids, scale insects, mealybugs. It is better to deal with problems immediately with insecticides or fungicides, complementing the treatment of an isolated plant with correction of care or conditions.
Common problems in growing deeringia:
- stretching shoots in low light;
- dropping leaves during hypothermia;
- lethargic, faded look, drooping leaves in the heat;
- yellowing, spots on the leaves with improper watering.
- blanching of leaves with insufficient nutrition;
- lack of flowering with improper wintering and improper feeding.
Propagation of deringia
The berry plant is very easy to propagate by vegetative methods.
Indoor use only one, the main and most productive method of reproduction - cuttings. Both stem and apical cuttings, when treated with growth stimulants under a cap, take root for several weeks. Cuttings are cut during the period of active growth, you can use the shoots remaining after trimming. For cuttings, only segments of shoots with 2 to 3 pairs of leaves, with an oblique cut, are used. For deringing, rooting is carried out in a standard substrate or a mixture of substrate with sand. Stable temperatures from 20 to 23 degrees Celsius and the average constant humidity of the substrate are very important. Rooted cuttings are planted both one at a time and in small groups to obtain more lush bushes and to quickly achieve decorativeness.