Purslane - bright floral rug
The name of this plant comes from the Latin word ‘portula’ - the collar and is associated with the nature of opening the seed box of purslane. Our gardeners this creeping plant with bright flowers was called "rugs".
Distribution and application of purslane
As a field weed, it is found in the warm regions of central Europe, in the Americas. Part of it is cultivated in gardens and gardens. Purslane was a popular plant in the Middle Ages in Europe, especially in England. During the time of Hippocrates, purslane was used to treat wounds, with the bites of poisonous snakes and insomnia, and in the Middle Ages it was considered “blessed” among the Arabs.
Rod Portulac (Portulaca) unites about 200 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants, including succulent ones.
In decorative gardening has become widespread Purslane large-flowered (Portulaca grandiflora), originally from South America. It is most often used in stony gardens and borders. The leaves are fleshy, small, cylindrical, green or slightly reddish. The flowers are cup-shaped, simple, of 5 petals fused together, or double, of medium size (diameter 2.5-3 cm), having different colors: white, cream, yellow, bright orange, pink and red with different shades.
Varieties with double flowers, for example Double Mix, are especially appreciated. The name of the variety "Belotsvetkovy" speaks for itself - the plant has white flowers. Splendans flowers have a purple hue. Known cultivars with two-color nimbuses.
Purslane is a magnificent container plant: it is placed in street vases, pots, hanging baskets, balcony and window drawers.
The use of large-flowered purslane in garden design is extremely diverse. It is planted in flower beds (often - in carpet flower beds), on workplaces, flower beds, dry slopes, retaining stone walls, at the joints of concrete slabs in rockeries. On dry soils, purslane can replace the lawn.
Features of growing purslane large-flowered
Purslane is sown in the most lighted place, otherwise the plant will not bloom. In room conditions for a purslane window sills of the southern direction are suitable. Feels great in the balcony and window drawers, in the fresh air.
Purslane large-flowered - a heat-resistant plant. With a decrease in temperature, there are also no problems, since the species is grown as an annual.
Purslane is watered regularly - immediately after sowing during the entire growing season, especially in hot and dry periods, while avoiding stagnation of water.
Diseases and Pests
In general, representatives of the Portulac clan are resistant to diseases and pests. Occasionally, plants are affected by the fungus Albugo portulaceae, which leads to the appearance of spots on the leaves and deformation of the shoots. Damaged parts are removed and then treated with one of the copper-containing fungicidal preparations.
Seeds are acquired at the end of winter or early spring, carefully checking the integrity of the bag and the expiration date. In floriculture nurseries and horticultural centers you can also find seedlings in glasses. Choose compact plants without signs of decay.
Lighting for Purslane needs bright, the plant needs direct sun - this is the key to beautiful flowering. Feels great in the balcony and window drawers, in the fresh air.
The plant prefers warm conditions - for successful growth, a temperature in the region of 20..26 ° C is suitable.
Purslane does not need frequent watering, however, plants in containers and pots are still recommended to be watered moderately, but regularly.
The plant practically does not need top dressing - this is one of the few ornamental plants that feel great on poor lands.
Planting purslane seeds
It is better to sow purslane in March. However, sometimes in the floriculture literature both earlier sowing dates (3rd decade of February) and later dates (1st decade of April) are indicated. Purslane is sown at a temperature of 20..25 ° C and in the brightest light in mini-greenhouses. On a sunny day, the temperature in the greenhouse can reach 50 ° C, then the seedlings grow several times faster. But if there is not enough light, they will only stretch out.
For the greenhouse, an aquarium made of organic glass will fit. The aquarium is covered with a plastic wrap (preferably new) or a plexiglass lid and placed on the brightest window. If there is insufficient light and the seedlings are pulled out, they can be illuminated with a fluorescent lamp (DC) or a table lamp (light bulb 40-60W). Extra light is needed in the morning and evening, and in cloudy weather - all day.
A small amount of seeds is best sown in small plastic pots. Pour a drainage layer of fine gravel and coarse sand to the bottom, then fill the pot with soil. The earth mixture should not contain peat and organic fertilizers. In the first case, purslane seeds will not germinate at all, in the second, seedlings will die from fungal diseases. Up to 20% of sand with a diameter of 0.1 mm can be added to the earthen mixture, and if the soil is heavy, clay, then charcoal.
The soil plates are placed in a tray with soft, defended water. When irrigated with hard water, germination is sharply reduced.
Once the soil is wet, you can begin to sow. Purslane seeds are laid out on the surface with a pointed match (its end must be moistened), pushing into the soil by 0.5-1 mm at a distance of 1 cm from each other. Crops immediately put in a greenhouse. If it does not stand on a window and is not equipped with a backlight, then as soon as most of the seedlings are free from the seed coat, they must be removed from the greenhouse and put on the window as close to the glass as possible.
Covering the purslane with a table lamp is better right in the greenhouse with the lid open. The distance from the lamp to the sprout for 40W can be 10-15 cm, and for 60W - 15-20 cm. If it is cold at night in the window, you can leave the crops at night in an open greenhouse, and put them in the window in the morning after exposure. It is very important to ensure that the soil does not dry out.
If you have a balcony on the sunny side of the house, crops can be kept there. You only need to remember that purslane are very fond of heat and begin to suffer already at 20 ° C (freshly grown plants), at 16 ° C (a week later), at 10 ° C (after the appearance of 6 true leaves). At temperatures below 10 ° C the leaves begin to fall in adult plants.
In sunny weather, it is better to keep the greenhouse open, it is only important to ensure that the soil does not dry out. And in rainy weather it is better to close it so that the rain does not break the seedlings.
Drying of the soil is dangerous primarily for small, especially newly emerged, plants.
Plants with a height of 5-6 cm with at least 10 leaves are planted in boxes, flowerpots and pots with at least 10 leaves, and even better - immediately with buds. For the purslane, they choose the sunniest, warmest, driest place - it would be good on an elevation, and even better near the south wall. There you can put pots with seed plants.
If you want to get seeds, in late August, when the night temperature drops below 10 ° C, pots with plants need to be brought into the house. You can simply leave them on the window until the seeds ripen. Purslane seeds retain their germination for 3 years.
To replicate the most interesting specimens of purslane, you can use cuttings - mother plants should be kept in a cool place in winter.
Popular types of purslane
Purslane large-flowered (Portulaca grandiflora)
The plant comes from South America (Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay). A perennial herb (used as an annual) with fleshy stems of a reddish color, erect or lodging, up to 30 cm high. The leaves are fleshy, cylindrical, up to 2.5 cm long and up to 2 cm wide.
Throughout the summer period, single flowers bloom 3-4 cm in diameter, of various colors - from white to yellow or red-purple. The original appearance with red flowers served as the basis for the breeding of many hybrid forms with a simple or double whisk and a wide variety of colors.
It is grown almost all over the world as an ornamental plant. In most varieties of purslane, flowers are open only during the day in sunny weather. However, there are varieties in which flowers (most often terry flowers) are open even on cloudy days.
Varieties in which flowers are open on cloudy days: Sundance, Sunglo, Cloudbeater.
Purslane garden (Portulaca oleracea).
Cosmopolitan plant, spread across all regions of the world. Annual plant, succulent, 10-30 cm high. Reddish and highly branched stems, elongated or creeping on the ground, cylindrical in shape, hollow. The leaves are fleshy, sessile, 1.5-3 cm long, oblong-scapular, with truncated ends.
Throughout the summer, in the axils of the upper leaves, small flowers appear, light yellow in color, single or in small groups of 2-5. The calyx is formed by 2 sepals, a corolla with a diameter of 7-8 mm, consists of 4-6 obovate petals. The flowering period of this species falls on June-August.
In Europe, as a vegetable plant, this plant appeared rather late. At first it came to France, where in the XVII century it became one of the most important vegetable crops, and from there it penetrated into other European countries.
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