Even in time immemorial, people decorated living quarters with flowers, especially on holidays, and in ancient Greece and Rome there were special craftsmen who wove laurel wreaths - a special sign of honor and respect. Roman ambassadors decorated their clothes with twigs of verbena, which is why they were often called verbenos.
Bouquets appeared in the Renaissance. For the first time, such compositions began to be compiled in France, and the word "bouquet" itself is translated from French as "a beautiful group of flowers gathered together." It is interesting that at that time bouquets of fragrant flowers replaced the secular ladies perfume. The shape of bouquets and their color schemes over the past three centuries have been dictated by fashion. In the first half of the 19th century, for example, preference was given to round-shaped bouquets. Green fern was widely used in decoration, and the whole composition was inserted into the portbuket.
XX century made great changes in the art of composing bouquets. Now florists are trying to emphasize primarily the lightness and airiness of the composition, as well as the natural beauty of the flowers.
© Just some dust
Rules for cutting garden crops
Most florists recommend cutting plants in the morning, because it is during this period that they are the freshest. For each plant, there is a specific phase for cutting. So, carnations, daffodils, lilies, poppies and tulips last much longer if you cut them with a painted bud. Crops such as gladiolus, roses and sweet pea, it is desirable to use when blooming the first two lower flowers. When the inflorescences are fully opened, dahlias, anemones, bells, begonias, magnolias, lupins, asters and left-handed ones are cut mainly.
If the stem of the plant is soft, it is best to use a well-honed knife for cutting. It is preferable to cut off flowers with lignified stems with secateurs, in which case the structure of the stem will not be disturbed.
A well-known rule is the correct cutting angle. It must be sharp, only in this way it is possible to increase the area of the suction surface. In the event that the cut is performed at a right angle, it is possible that the stem will fall to the bottom of the vase with the entire surface of the cut, and then the flow of water into it will be blocked.
© Temari 09
How to extend the life of cut plants
It's no secret that cut plants should first be put in water. When the stem is immersed in water, an air plug appears at the cut point, and in order to ensure the receipt of the required amount of moisture, you need to update it. In plants such as chrysanthemum, castor oil plant, asparagus, the slice is updated in hot water, and the duration of the procedure should not exceed 5 minutes, otherwise you can cause changes in the structure of the stem tissue. After this, the plants are immediately placed in cold water.
For hard-stem crops, such as roses, jasmine, hydrangea, and lilacs, another method for updating the slice is used. To do this, the lower part of the stem is cut into three parts or crushed with a hammer. Then, the portion thus split is slightly trimmed and placed in a vase.
In order to restore dead leaves to life, that is, restore their turgor, it is necessary to immerse the stems in water for a few minutes, and wrap the flowers with a damp cloth or paper. Then the plants should be placed for a couple of hours in a cool room. To restore turgor, kuliur such as bird cherry, jasmine and lilac use hot water. The cut stems of these plants can withstand several minutes in water with a temperature of at least 50 ° C. Then they are immediately placed in cold water.
A solution of boric acid or magnesium sulfate added to water allows you to keep plants alive longer. To prolong the life of carnations, roses and chrysanthemums, aspirin is used at the rate of 3 tablets per 3 liters of water. Bouquets are also recommended to be stored in a cool room with diffused lighting.
Ready-made compositions are transported in cardboard boxes, after having pierced them in several places for ventilation. If there are no boxes at hand, then the flowers can be wrapped in paper.
- Garden plants from A to Z